Individual violence identifies biological and personal history factors that increase the likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence. Some of these factors are age, education, income, substance use, or history of abuse. Prevention strategies at this level promote attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that prevent violence. Specific approaches may include education and life skills training.
Social institutions with organizational characteristics and formal (and informal) rules and regulations for operations.
Includes campus climate (tolerance/intolerance), class schedules, financial policies, competitiveness, lighting, unclean environments, distance to classes and buildings, noise, availability of study and common lounge spaces, air quality, safety.
Think about our close relationships. that may increase the chances that we experience violence as a victim or perpetrator. That can include our friends, our partners or how family can influences us. Stopping it here might mean family support, mentoring or peer programs that help to deal with conflict, and deal with situations in better ways.
Our community can include schools, jobs and neighborhoods where we hang out with others. In any of these areas we can be violent or experience violence. This impacts more people and to stop it in this area we can create programs so people do not feel alone, and provide more opportunities like jobs, housing and social activities.
Local, state, national, and global laws and policies
Includes polices that allocate resources to establish and maintain a coalition that serves a mediating structure connecting individuals and the larger social environment to create a healthy campus. Other policies include those that restrict behavior such as tobacco use in public spaces and alcohol sales and consumption and those that provide behavioral incentives, both positive and negative, such as increased taxes on cigarettes and alcohol. Additional policies relate to violence, social injustice, green policies, foreign affairs, the economy, global warming.